Lane and Carlson
: Developed from data collected from canals lined with granular materials in the San Luis Valley study. This equation is a Strickler-type equation and is subject to the same limitations.
Lane, E. W., and Carlson, E. J., 1953, Some factors affecting the stability of canals constructed in coarse granular materials; Proceedings of International Association of Hydraulic Research, 5th Congress, Minneapolis.
Simons, D.B. and Senturk, F., 1992, Sediment Transport Technology and Sediment Dynamics: Water Resources Publication, Fort Collins, CO.